Food traceability in general, is an important aspect of public health policies to effectively address contaminated, defected or ill products, as well as to decrease food losses and waste.
This requires the collection of accurate data, which have been recorded throughout different stages of the supply chain and can be tracked, recalled and made available easily. Businesses opt for different traceability solutions, in terms of paper-based, electronical and digital formats. Standardised, digitalised and harmonised systems which allow for interoperability across different stages of the supply chains increase transparency and public access to data.
The implementation of traceability rules in fish, aquaculture and seafood supply chains is subject to legislation in the EU, as well as in many other jurisdictions. In addition to general traceability rules as part of Regulation EC 178/2002 - General Food Law, the Fisheries Control Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009) requires more specific information to be made available to the public such as a detailed fishing log book including identification number and the name of the fishing vessel, species code, date of the catch, quantity, date of departure from and arrival to port, type of gear used, FAO fishing /catch area, water of origin for fish caught in freshwater and commercial designation.